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THE KANK^LI TtfLA*                                               Hf
tent of a carved Buddhist pillar is set up in a mean little shed on its summit and
does duty for the goddess Kankali, to whom it is dedicated. A few years ago,
the hill was partially trenched, when two colossal statues of Buddha in his
character of teacher were discovered. They are each seven and-a-half feet in
height, and are probahly now in the Allahabad museum. Whatever else was found
was collected on the same spot as the remains from the Jamalpur mound, and
it is therefore possible (as no accurate note was made at the time) that some of
the specimens referred to the latter locality were not really found there ; but
there is no doubt as to the inscriptions, and this is the only point of any
importance. Further excavations resulted in the discovery of several muti-
lated statues of finer stone and superior execution, and it was thought that
many more might still remain buried ; as the adjoining fields for a considerable
distance were strewn with fragments applied to all sorts of vile purposes, A
large figure of an elephant—unfortunately without its truck—standing on the
capital of a pillar and in all respects similar to the well-known example at San-
kisa, but of much coarser work, was found in 1871 in a neigbouring garden.
On the front of the abacus is engraved an inscription with the name of King
Huvishka and date * Sambat 39.' Another inscription, containing the name of
King Kanishka, with date€ Sambat 9/ was discovered the same day on the
mound itself below a square pillar -carved with four nude figures, one on each
face. This is of special interest, inasmuch as nude figures are always con*
sidered a distinctive mark of the Jain sect, which was supposed to be a late
perversion of Buddhism ;an opinion, however, which most scholars have now
abandoned. Mahivira the 24th and last of the great Jinas died in 526 B.C.,
while the Nirvana, or death, of Buddha, the founder of the rival faith, has
finally been determined as having taken place in "477 B.C. Indeed, it was sug-
gested by Colebrooke, though further research would seem to have disproved
the theory, that Buddha was actually a disciple of Mahavira's.
Among other sculptures found here while I was in the district may be
mentioned the Hollowing :—
1st—A life-size seated figure with an elaborately carved nimbus and long
hair flowing over the shoulders and down the back. The head is lost. 2nd.—
A teacher of the law standing between two tiers of small figures seated in the
attitude of contemplation, with $ Caliban-like monster sprawling over the top
of the canopy above his head. The arms and feet of the principal figure are
missing: but with this exception the group is in good preservation and is well
executed. Bni—A spandril of a doorway carved with the representation of a